Ventilator Dependency

Treatment for Ventilator Dependency

A diaphragm pacemaker, or phrenic nerve stimulator, consists of surgically implanted receivers and electrodes mated to an external transmitter by antennas worn over the implanted receivers.

Phrenic pacing provides ventilatory support for patients with chronic respiratory insufficiency whose diaphragm, lungs, and phrenic nerves have residual function.

Diagnoses include, but are not limited to:

  •  Quadriplegia, complete or incomplete
  • Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS)
  • Diaphragm paralysis, known or unknown etiology
  • Primary alveolar hypoventilation
  • Central sleep apnea
  • Brainstem stroke
  • Brain injury or tumor
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation

The surgeons at The Institute for Advanced Reconstruction in New Jersey are experts at placing diaphragm pacemakers and we are the only center in New Jersey offering all available pacemaker options. They also have a vast understanding of the phrenic nerve that controls the function of the diaphragm muscle and offer nerve decompression and nerve grafting.

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